Cross-Sectional Research on the Predictors of Physical Fitness of Athletes in Universities in Iraq


  • Ali Salman College of Law / Imam Ja'afar Al-Sadiq University / Iraq
  • Murtada Sultan Al-Issa Department of Education / Al-Manara College for Medical Sciences / (Maysan) / Iraq.
  • Taha Al Hiali Al-Farahidi University / College of Education / Baghdad / Iraq.
  • Abdul Razzaq Jaber Al Majidi College of Physical Education / Al-Esraa University / Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Zaid Hilal Abed Alqiraishi College of Education / The Islamic University in Najaf, Iraq
  • Ali Falah Mohamed Department of Pharmacy, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq.
  • Hussam Abdali Abdulridui Department of Medical Laboratories Technology / Al-Hadi University College, Baghdad, 10011, Iraq
  • Maher Mohamed Al-Ameri Department of Medical Laboratories Technology / AL-Nisour University College / Baghdad / Iraq
  • Mortada Kareem Sabi AlTalb Collage of Nursing, National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, 64001, Iraq


Physical Fitness, Sports Activities, Coach Behaviour, Sports Training, Health Monitoring.


The focus of this study was the physical fitness of athletes in Iraq. The objective of the present study was to assess the influence of four variables—coaches' positive behaviour, sports activities, mental health monitoring, and sports training—on the physical fitness of athletes in Iraq. The study aimed to gather quantitative data using a carefully constructed questionnaire. The research focused on the athletes enrolled in universities across Iraq. A total of 1,000 questionnaires were distributed to respondents in a cross-sectional design, from which 850 responses were selected for data analysis. The relationships in this research were examined using statistical methods such as confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling, implemented through the R Package. The study revealed that the positive behaviour of coaches, engagement in sports activities, monitoring of mental health, and sports training all play a crucial role in enhancing the physical fitness of athletes in Iraq. This research is unique and adds valuable insights to the existing literature by addressing areas of knowledge that have not been previously explored. In order to enhance the physical fitness of athletes, it is imperative for policymakers to ensure that coaches are equipped with the necessary tools. This includes fostering positive behaviour, organising sports activities, monitoring mental health, and providing comprehensive sports training.




How to Cite

Ali Salman, Murtada Sultan Al-Issa, Taha Al Hiali, Abdul Razzaq Jaber Al Majidi, Zaid Hilal Abed Alqiraishi, Ali Falah Mohamed, … Mortada Kareem Sabi AlTalb. (2024). Cross-Sectional Research on the Predictors of Physical Fitness of Athletes in Universities in Iraq. Revista De Psicología Del Deporte (Journal of Sport Psychology), 33(1), 375–384. Retrieved from

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